Chronology of megalithic funerary practices in southeastern Iberia: the necropolis of Panoria (Granada, Spain)

Aranda Jiménez, Gonzalo; Lozano Medina, Agueda; Sánchez Romero, Margarita; Díaz-Zorita, Marta; Bocherens, Hervé
2017. Radiocarbon. DOI:10.1017/RDC.2017.96
Published: 3/11/17

Abstract

An excavation carried out at the megalithic necropolis of Panoria in 2015 offered an excellent opportunity for dating a widespread variety of polygonal, rectangular, and trapezoidal-shaped tombs with short passages for which,surprisingly, there were previously no known radiocarbon (14C) measurements available. Based on the anthropologicalremains, a series of 19 14C dates was obtained and modeled in a Bayesian statistical framework. The results stress a longperiod of use that began in the Late Neolithic (3525–3195 cal BC), reaching the most intensive ritual activity duringthe Copper Age and ending in the Early Bronze Age (2125–1980 cal BC). Throughout this period, tombs were built atdifferent times and used at different temporal scales and intensities, ranging from a few decades to centuries.

Keywords

Bayesian modeling, funerary ritual, Iberian Peninsula, Late Prehistory, megalithic phenomenon, radiocarbon dating.

Paper at Academia.edu

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