La temporalidad de las sepulturas megalíticas tipo Tholos del sur de la Península Ibérica

Lozano Medina, Águeda y Aranda Jiménez, Gonzalo
SPAL 26 (2017): 17-31
Published: 5/3/17

Abstract:

According to new radiocarbon dates of tholos type tombs new insights in the temporality of this megalithic phenomenon in southern Iberia can be explored. The Bayesian modelling of 41 dates sets the appearance of this megalithic architecture in the transition among the fourth and third millennia (3070-2900 cal BC  at 68% probability) and its end in the IX-VIII centuries cal BC (890-710 cal BC at 68% probability), matching with the end of the Bronze Age. During this very long period (2000-2213 years at 68% probability), a short hiatus is documented around c. 1550 cal BC when dramatic cultural changes occurred in Bronze Age societies. Two main contributions of the new radiocarbon series can be highlighted: the intensity in ritual use of tholoi tombs during the Bronze Age and the lack of any temporal differences between the different regions of southern Iberia.

Keywords:

Megalithic Phenomenon, Tholos type Tombs, Radiocarbon Dating, Bayesian Modelling, Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iberian Peninsula

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